Phase 4 – Plan
Objective: In Phase 4 the LCR Action Plan will begin to take shape. Begin by synthesizing key risk and vulnerability and emissions data and all climate action opportunities into relevant thematic areas (e.g., buildings, transportation, health and well-being, agriculture, etc.). Building upon the integrative thinking developed in earlier phases, identify and prioritize potential LCR opportunities in Workshop 4. Identify priority actions over 2, 5, and 10 years, identify key roles and responsibilities, and potential budgeting sources to begin drafting the LCR Climate Action plan. Plan development should simultaneously set-up the momentum needed for implementation.
Step 4.1: Host Workshop 4: LCR Framing and Action Prioritization (page 80 of the LCR Handbook)
- Present preliminary thematic areas and actions collected and synthesized from Workshops 2 and 3. In small groups ask participants to review thematic areas and grouped actions, identifying key gaps or required changes. Prompt participants to explore opportunities to align and/or integrate actions, removing redundancy and identifying streamlining opportunities wherever possible. In these same small groups have participants rank priority actions, using risk, emissions, co-benefits, cost and feasibility criteria (see the example of Port Moody criteria below). Rank and prioritize climate actions as a group. This will become the basis of the LCR plan.
- LCR Tip: Use the LCR Decision Tool to hone and prioritize actions based on criteria relating to risk, emissions, co-benefits, cost, and feasibility. Look for interdependencies. For example, are there adaptation strategies that may have longer-term emissions influences? Are there mitigation strategies, such as EV infrastructure, that needs to consider climate heat, flood, and extreme weather risks over the longer term? In other words, what are the life cycle costs and benefits of the solutions being considered? How do these solutions either increase equity or minimize it? Who is benefitting from climate action solutions?
- Keep the Momentum: Time permitting, dig a little deeper and ask workshop participants in their small groups to discuss roles and responsibilities for each action, helping to build shared accountabilities for implementation, also identifying key indicators that can be used to measure progress. Have them identify potential budget and/or funding sources if time allows. Following this workshop, consolidate the information into a Draft Plan.
- Use Workshop 4 to achieve the following outcomes:
- Synthesize and summarize the risk and emissions data and solutions to date.
- Review thematic areas and actions.
- Co-evaluate and prioritize actions for each thematic area, addressing timing, responsibilities, indicators, and budget/funding sources.
- Prioritize and rank priority climate actions as a group.
Using LCR Criteria in the City of Port Moody
In preparation for the LCR prioritization workshop (Workshop 4), the City of Port Moody created evaluative worksheets that grouped key actions into seven focus areas: buildings, transportation and mobility, emergency response and human health, infrastructure, land use and growth management, natural environment, and waste reduction and management. Then, workshop participants reviewed each potential action in the thematic area using the above criteria and allocated actions a score from 1 (low) to 3 (high). Actions with higher scores were prioritized, where possible.
4.1 Step Check
Workshop 4 is complete and a list of co-evaluated and prioritized actions across thematic areas has been compiled. Where possible timing, responsible department, and budget/funding source has been included.
Step 4.2: Draft an LCR Action Plan (page 87)
- In this step, all the pieces from previous steps will be gathered to form the draft LCR action plan. The draft plan should:
- Highlight the community’s LCR vision and thematic objectives,
- Summarize key risk and emissions data,
- Identify priority actions that need to begin now, in 2-5 years, or 5+ years and,
- In each thematic section identify opportunities to advance co-benefits or other community priorities, and identify key indicators to track and measure progress.
- Keep the Momentum: The draft plan should be circulated to the Climate Action Team, key decision-makers and stakeholders for review prior to Workshop 5, paying attention to key roles and responsibilities and budget and funding sources. Make changes to the draft prior to Workshop 5.
Nelson Next Aspirations
In the City of Nelson, the LCR Champion and her colleagues organized key objectives into LCR aspirations, strategies and tactics. They then used the LCR Decision Tool to prioritize strategies for the Draft Plan and sent it out for review and approval. Above is an example from Nelson Next of an LCR aspiration.
4.2 Step Check
A draft LCR Action Plan has been developed and sent to the Climate Action Team for review.
Step 4.3: Host Workshop 5: Review and Approve the LCR Action Plan (page 88)
- A key goal of Workshop 5 is to get approval of the plan. Suggested revisions from the review have already been adopted. At this stage the Climate Action Team is being introduced to the plan and will be exploring implementation details.
- Keep the Momentum: This information will be used in Step 5.1 to create an implementation strategy.
- Use Workshop 5 to achieve the following outcomes:
- Secure support and buy-in for the final LCR Action Plan.
- Co-create a high-level implementation plan.
- Co-determine key indicators for tracking and monitoring.
4.3 Step Check
Workshop 5 is complete and the LCR Action Plan has approval from the Climate Action Team.
Step 4.4: Secure Council Approval (page 90)
- Once the Climate Action Team has approved the LCR Action Plan, it will need to be submitted to Council (or another governing body) for consideration and formal adoption. This occurs via Council resolution or a similar binding commitment. Following Council approval, launch the plan with an official press release. For a step-by-step guide on how to write this, see ICLEI’s BARC Framework Worksheet 14 (2016).
- LCR: Advancing the Co-benefits of Climate Action
- An LCR Decision Tool for Local Government
- LCR Strategies and Indicators Tool (forthcoming)
- Building Equity using Nature-based Solutions
- LCR Case Studies (forthcoming)
- Accounting for Natural Assets in Local Government: a Low Carbon Resilience Approach
- LCR Interventions: Case Studies at the Building, Neighbourhood, and Community Level
- Clean, Resilient Flood Technology Options in Canada
4.4 Step Check
Council approval for the LCR Action Plan has been secured and is followed by a plan launch and press release.
Holistic Climate Goals in the Tsleil-Waututh Nation/s?lilw?ta?
The Tsleil-Waututh Nation (TWN), began its resilience planning process in 2018. Based on early participation in ICABCCI, their Natural Resources Planning Manager integrated a LCR approach, including a community energy efficiency and GHG reduction plan in the process. The Nation used one consulting firm to both prepare resilience planning and collect emissions data, encouraging collaborative and integrative thinking in their consulting team. Seven holistic goals frame the plan.
1. Reduce the GHG emissions and the nation’s contribution to climate change.
2. Protect and enhance the shoreline, including coastal and marine habitats.
3. Increase the resilience of natural spaces and habitats in upland and forested areas.
4. Manage climate change impacts on existing homes, buildings, and critical infrastructure.
5. Set policies and frameworks for resilient future growth and development.
6. Support community and cultural health to strengthen community resilience.
7. Enable strong governance and mobilize the community towards climate action.
The resulting TWN Climate Change Resilience Plan ensures that climate risk, emissions, and cultural and ecosystem health are interwoven into the nation’s goals and implementation processes