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Exciting news from Paris: Canada in favour of 1.5C warming limit

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Canada’s Environment and Climate Change Minister Catherine McKenna in Paris last week. Source: The National Observer; photo by Mychaylo Prystupa.

In a surprising turn of events, last night in Paris Canada endorsed a commitment to 1.5 degrees Celcius as the limit for planetary warming. Previously, 2 degrees was the target being discussed.

From the National Observer:

“Canada’s Environment and Climate Change Minister Catherine McKenna told a stunned crowd that she wants the Paris agreement to restrict planetary warming to just 1.5 Celsius warming —not two degrees. It was the first time she has made such a statement.

Minister McKenna’s spokesperson confirmed Monday that she supports “including reference in the Paris Agreement to the recognition of the ?need to striving to limit global warming to 1.5, as other parties have said.”

“Canada wants an agreement that is ambitious and that is signed by the greatest number of countries possible.”

Read more from the article here.

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Vulnerable countries demand 1.5C warming limit at COP21

Victims of climate change and rising sea levels demand justice for climate refugees, in Kutubdia island, Bangladesh. Source: The Guardian, Zakir Hossain Chowdhury/Barcro

Victims of climate change and rising sea levels demand justice for climate refugees, in Kutubdia island, Bangladesh. Source: The Guardian, Zakir Hossain Chowdhury/Barcro

Countries most at risk of climate change impacts, including Bangladesh, the Philippines, Sudan, and Vietnam, are pressuring other world leaders to cap climate warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius.

From The Guardian:

As more than 140 world leaders made short opening statements on Sunday, 44 countries that are members of the Alliance of Small Island States (Aosis), along with other vulnerable countries, declared that the 2C goal being backed by all major blocs would seal the fate of hundreds of millions of people in countries like Bangladesh, the Philippines, Sudan and Vietnam.

“Our members are particularly vulnerable to climate extremes and climate change impacts and we are acutely aware of the vanishingly little time remaining to adopt a legally binding climate treaty,” said Thoriq Ibrahim, environment and energy minister of the Maldives and chairman of Aosis.

“We are the countries who will suffer the most from climate change and against whom all the big [negotiating] groups like the US, EU and G77 are aligned. We are the majority: 106 of the 195 countries of the world want this 1.5C target. But there is no democracy here. It’s a power game and the powerful are not on our side,” said the CVF’s spokesman, Saleemul Huq. “We accept it is not realistic, but it is the right thing to do.”

Continue reading the article here. 

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Justin Trudeau at COP21: Canada to focus on science, Indigenous perspectives

Source: DeSmog Canada

Source: DeSmog Canada

At the start of the COP21 meetings in Paris, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau made a strong statement about Canada’s role in taking climate action.

Trudeau focused on five principles that will guide Canada’s climate policies: strong science, transitioning to a low-carbon economy (including carbon pricing), working with local governments including Indigenous leaders, helping the developing world tackle climate change, and viewing climate change as an opportunity for new ideas.

Watch his speech and read more about it here. 

Throughout the next few weeks, many eyes will be on Trudeau to see how he brings these principles into practice on the world stage.

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Market gardens won’t solve BC’s food challenges

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Feast and Famine Workshop. Source: Partnership for Water Sustainability in BC.

From the Vancouver Sun:

Ted van der Gulik, a former senior engineer in the Ministry of Agriculture who now is president of Partnership for Water Sustainability in B.C., said that protection of farmland — including from port-related development in South Delta — is far more important [than market gardens], along with finding ways to better use water and to bring more irrigation to lands not suitable for growing food.

“I support market gardens, they’re good,” he said. “It’s great to grow food in parking lots, having people grow their own food. Just don’t call them food security. You’re going against food security when you are putting in (to production) two one-acre parking lots and removing 150 hectares of land at the port … getting rid of the last large parcels of agricultural land that we have. The messaging is wrong.”

Continue reading the article here. 

ACT Senior Water Adviser Bob Sandford was the keynote speaker at this event. Bob is also co-author of ACT’s new book, “The Climate Nexus: Water, Food, Energy, and Biodiversity in a Changing World.” Join us to launch our new book tonight: Thursday December 3rd at 6:00 pm, Teck Gallery at SFU Harbour Centre, 515 W Hastings St. 

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Giving up beef will reduce carbon footprint more than cars, says expert

 Beef production results in five more climate-warming emissions than chicken or pork. Photograph: Alamy

Beef production results in five more climate-warming emissions than chicken or pork. Photograph: Alamy

“The biggest intervention people could make towards reducing their carbon footprints would not be to abandon cars, but to eat significantly less red meat,” Benton said. “Another recent study implies the single biggest intervention to free up calories that could be used to feed people would be not to use grains for beef production in the US.” However, he said the subject was always controversial: “This opens a real can of worms.”

Prof Mark Sutton, at the UK’s Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, said: “Governments should consider these messages carefully if they want to improve overall production efficiency and reduce the environmental impacts. But the message for the consumer is even stronger. Avoiding excessive meat consumption, especially beef, is good for the environment.”

He said: “The US and Europe alike are using so much of their land in highly inefficient livestock farming systems, while so much good quality cropland is being used to grow animal feeds rather than human food.”

Separately, a second study of tens of thousands of British people’s daily eating habits shows that meat lovers’ diets cause double the climate-warming emissions of vegetarian diets.

The study of British people’s diets was conducted by University of Oxford scientists and found that meat-rich diets – defined as more than 100g per day – resulted in 7.2kg of carbon dioxide emissions. In contrast, both vegetarian and fish-eating diets caused about 3.8kg of CO2 per day, while vegan diets produced only 2.9kg. The research analysed the food eaten by 30,000 meat eaters, 16,000 vegetarians, 8,000 fish eaters and 2,000 vegans.

Read the full article here.

Be sure to also check out ACT’s work on how crops and food supplies will be affected by climate change here in Canada. With the combined pressures of climate change and a growing population, finding ways to feed ourselves sustainably is a hot topic in climate change work right now.

 

 

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Learn more about our new book, “The Climate Nexus: Water, Food, Energy, and Biodiversity in a Changing World”

climatenexusACT was pleased to release our new book: The Climate Nexus: Water, Food, Energy, and Biodiversity in a Changing World, by Jon O’Riordan & Robert William Sandford 

Published by Rocky Mountain Books | $16 hardcover

We held an event in Vancouver on December 3rd to launch this exciting book.

Secure supplies of water, food and energy are essential to human dignity and well-being around the globe. In turn, the vitality of these three depends on a thriving biodiversity supported by healthy ecosystems. The complex interdependence among these four factors is known as the Nexus.

Global demand for the first three elements is increasing due to population growth and rising per capita incomes in developing countries, with steadily worsening consequences for the fourth of these elements.

The four Nexus elements are also coming under increasing pressure from climate disruption: more frequent and severe flooding and storms, droughts, extreme heat, and pest outbreaks. What’s more, Nature’s capacity to moderate these impacts is being steadily eroded by rapid, widespread land-use development and associated pollution.

This impending “perfect storm” of increasing demand, decreasing supplies and rapidly changing hydro-climatic conditions throughout the Nexus requires transformative policy responses that encompass economy, equity, social justice, fairness and the environment. This book outlines these challenges and offers a pathway to resolving them.

Dr. Jon O’Riordan is a senior policy and research adviser to ACT and authored our Biodiversity report (2008). He has formerly served as deputy minister of sustainable resource management and as assistant deputy minister of environment in the British Columbia government.  He is also the co-author of The Columbia River Treaty: A Primer (RMB, 2015).

Robert William Sandford is a senior water adviser to ACT and authored our Water Governance report (2011). He is the author of some 20 books on the history, heritage and landscape of the Canadian Rockies, including Water, Weather and the Mountain West (RMB, 2007), The Weekender Effect: Hyperdevelopment in Mountain Towns (RMB, 2008), Restoring the Flow: Confronting the World’s Water Woes (RMB, 2009), Ethical Water: Learning to Value What Matters Most (RMB, 2011), Cold Matters: The State and Fate of Canada’s Fresh Water (RMB, 2012), Saving Lake Winnipeg (RMB, 2013), Flood Forecast: Climate Risk and Resiliency in Canada (RMB, 2014), and Storm Warning: Water and Climate Security in a Changing World (RMB, 2015). He is also the co-author of The Columbia River Treaty: A Primer (RMB, 2015). Robert lives in Canmore, Alberta.

Co-author Bob Sandford with the new book

Co-author Bob Sandford with the new book

ACT celebrated the launch with expert guests who are working on nexus issues

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6 ways to make your voice heard during the Paris Climate Summit

Activists participate in a climate march in New York City on Sept. 22, 2014.

Activists participate in a climate march in New York City on Sept. 22, 2014.

Climate change has long been a top issue on activist agendas around the world. But this month, conversations about real action and policy-driven change for the future of our planet are coming to a head.

The U.N. Paris Climate Summit will begin on Nov. 30, bringing together 196 countries with the goal of drafting a comprehensive, realistic and enforceable agreement to tackle climate change. It will be a call to action for the global community, and is a prime opportunity to implement tangible solutions.

Though similar summits happen annually, this year’s talks deserve particular attention.

Global leaders, scientists and climate activists alike consider this summit the last chance to reach an agreement before “dangerous human interference with the climate system” becomes inevitable. To help curb this, climate advocates are calling for change — notably to drop emissions of greenhouse gases drastically within the next decade. Global leaders are listening, with many coming to the climate talks with the goal of implementing a zero or negative emissions global policy.

These talks highlight a daily reality: Climate change is already having a serious impact on our lives and our planet, furthering inequality and making natural disasters more common and extremely devastating.

With so much at stake, it’s essential to make your voice heard. Doing so during the high-level talks may seem nearly impossible for someone who isn’t a global leader, but there are still ways to get in on the action, even from afar.

Continue reading to find out what you can do.

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Coral reefs are in trouble. Meet the people trying to rebuild them

Grist / Amelia Urry

Grist / Amelia Urry

What happens to coral reefs as the ocean warms and acidifies over the coming century? Corals might seem removed from human society, but in fact that not-so-simple question leads to an even scarier follow-up: What happens to us?

Coral reefs are the richest ocean ecosystems we have — they support an estimated 25 percent of marine species. According to a 2014 report from the Food and Agriculture Organization, reefs are responsible for 17 percent of the protein we consume globally; in some coastal or island countries, like Sierra Leone or the Maldives, that number can be as high as 70 percent. Reefs serve as offshore larders, nurseries for important commercial fish (like tuna), and shelter for important ecological species (like sharks). They’re storm breaks for populated shores and bait for tourists whose dollars support entire local economies.

We know that reefs are crucial to the oceans as we know them, and to our societies as we’ve made them — and we know they are in serious trouble. According to one 2000 report, we’ve lost 27 percent of coral worldwide, and stand to lose another 32 percent in the next 30 years.

What we don’t know is if there’s anything we can do about it. Luckily, that won’t stop people from trying: Around the world, a scrappy handful of scientists, entrepreneurs, and volunteers are taking on this colossal problem, one branch at a time.From regrowing the reefs we’ve already lost to engineering new corals that may be able to survive hotter, more acidic seas, these innovators are fighting everything from nutrient pollution to overfishing to ocean warming itself. If we want to succeed, we might have to learn how to rebuild an entire ecosystem from the bottom up.

Continue reading here.

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Canada warming at twice the global rate

A wildfire near Oliver, BC in August 2015. Jonathan Hayward/Canadian Press. Source: CBC News.

A wildfire near Oliver, BC in August 2015. Jonathan Hayward/Canadian Press. Source: CBC News.

When Canadian federal, provincial, and territorial leaders gathered in Ottawa earlier this week, they were informed of some concerning news.

“Alain Bourque, the executive director at Ouranos, a consortium on regional climatology and adaptation to climate change, told the first ministers an increase of two degrees in average temperatures globally could mean that Canada would see a change of about three to four degrees.

“Bourque said climate change will be felt differently in Canada. Warmer summers could mean more forest fires, like those Western Canada experienced last summer. Parts of Canada could also see more droughts and deadly heat waves, he told the gathering.”

With this news, Canada has even more of a responsibility to take serious climate action. Making strong commitments at the upcoming COP21 conference in Paris -and upholding these commitments- will be key.

Read more from the article here. 

For more on extreme weather in Canada, read ACT’s work on the topic here.

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Carbon Pricing Won’t Hurt GDP: Study

carbon

Jason Franson/The Canadian Press. Source: The Star.

According to a new study by the EcoFiscal Commission, an independent coalition of Canadian economists, the majority of Canada’s economy would not be harmed if Canada had a carbon pricing scheme similar to British Columbia’s.

From The Star:

“Sectors representing about 95 per cent of Canada’s GDP would face little competitive pressure if a B.C.-style carbon price was applied in all provinces….Sectors that would take the biggest hit include steel, petrochemicals, fertilizer and refining.

“For the “small chunk” of the economy that is affected…the key is to design climate policy so revenues collected from a carbon price are used to help the most vulnerable industries. The support must be transparent, so the public can see where the money is going, and it needs to be temporary – only long enough to help exposed industries become more competitive.”

This is good news for those who are worried that carbon pricing will affect our economy on the whole. It is clear that we can take action on emissions through carbon pricing while maintaining a strong economy.

Continue reading the article here. 

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Call for applications: Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia

idrc

 

 

 

 

Call for applications – Professional Development Award
Deadline December 10, 2015

The Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia (CARIAA) is recruiting one professional development award recipient to undertake a 12 months paid program of research focusing on the development of a methodology to structure cross-project learning, and the identification of themes for synthesis at the programmatic-level, in the context of CARIAA. The position is based at IDRC’s head office in Ottawa, Canada. This call is open to Canadians residing in Canada and permanent residents of Canada pursuing doctoral studies at a Canadian university or having completed a doctoral program at a recognized university in the last 5 years. The candidates must demonstrate a specialization in climate change adaptation and experience in communicating research results on adaptation. Candidates must submit their application (resume, cover letter and research proposal) by December 10, 2015 to cariaa@idrc.ca. For more details, see attached document.

Click here for further information in English and here for further information in French.

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A Lesson for Paris Climate Talks: Follow the Activists

 Paris is seen as French Police officers stand on guard near the church of Sacre Coeur, on top of the Montmartre hill, in Paris, Wednesday, November 18, 2015. (AP Photo / Daniel Ochoa de Olza)

Paris is seen as French Police officers stand on guard near the church of Sacre Coeur, on top of the Montmartre hill, in Paris, Wednesday, November 18, 2015. (AP Photo / Daniel Ochoa de Olza)

The United States’ military strategy has long been predicated on being able to fight two wars at once. Now the horrific terrorist attacks in Paris, just weeks before the French capital hosts a landmark international climate-change summit, will test whether the world as a whole can address two crises at once. Massacring innocent civilians is never justified and calls for a range of responses: grief for the victims and their loved ones; solidarity with all who condemn such heinous acts; bringing to justice the immediate perpetrators; and unraveling the deeper causes of such violence. These necessities, however, must not be allowed to distract the world’s governments, media, or citizens from the equally urgent task of reversing our collective march toward climate chaos.

Dooming young people and future generations (not to mention other species) to an unlivable planet is no more justified than killing innocent civilians is, and it too demands a range of responses, starting with compassion for the victims. Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders is correct to link the Syrian refugee crisis to climate change (as US national security officials and scientists have long done). ExxonMobil and other perpetrators of climate denial should be brought to justice. World leaders should agree in Paris to leave most of earth’s remaining fossil fuels in the ground, as the latest science dictates. Such a goal requires launching the most rapid possible transition to “100 percent clean energy for all,” as activists have urged. Humanity has the tools needed to exit the Carbon Age and build a sustainable future; what’s required are dramatically different political and economic choices.

Continue reading here.

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How Walking in Nature Changes the Brain

Getty Images

Getty Images

A walk in the park may soothe the mind and, in the process, change the workings of our brains in ways that improve our mental health, according to an interesting new study of the physical effects on the brain of visiting nature.

Most of us today live in cities and spend far less time outside in green, natural spaces than people did several generations ago.

City dwellers also have a higher risk for anxiety, depression and other mental illnesses than people living outside urban centers, studies show.

These developments seem to be linked to some extent, according to a growing body of research. Various studies have found that urban dwellers with little access to green spaces have a higher incidence of psychological problems than people living near parks and that city dwellers who visit natural environments have lower levels of stress hormones immediately afterward than people who have not recently been outside.

But just how a visit to a park or other green space might alter mood has been unclear. Does experiencing nature actually change our brains in some way that affects our emotional health?

Continue reading here.

 

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Alberta’s Bold New Climate Change Policy

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On the weekend, Alberta revealed its new climate change policy.

From CTV News:

The plan, the result of months of study and public input, will introduce a broad-based carbon tax that would apply across the economy. The government will move to phase out the province’s coal-fired power generation by 2030. And it will introduce a hard cap on greenhouse gas emissions for the oilsands.

This is the day we step up, at long last, to one of the world’s biggest problems — the pollution that is causing climate change,” Premier Rachel Notley said as she announced her government’s new policy in Edmonton on Sunday.

Continue reading the article here. 

 

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‘Our melting, shifting, liquid world’: celebrities read poems on climate change

James Franco

James Franco

Actors including James Franco, Ruth Wilson, Gabriel Byrne, Maxine Peake, Jeremy Irons, Kelly Macdonald and Michael Sheen read a series of 21 poems on the theme of climate change, curated by UK poet laureate Carol Ann Duffy. Includes two bonus poems from Byrne and Franco.

James Franco reads Still Life with Sea Pinks and High Tide by Maura Dooley

Thrift grows tenacious at the tide’s reach.

What is that reach when the water

is rising, rising?

Our melting, shifting, liquid world won’t wait

for manifesto or mandate, each

warning a reckoning.

Ice in our gin or vodka chirrups and squeaks

dissolving in the hot, still air

of talking, talking.

Continue reading the series here.

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Sea Level Rise: Who Should Take Responsibility in Silicon Valley?

Projected sea level rise and the impacted companies in the San Francisco Bay Area

Projected sea level rise and the impacted companies in the San Francisco Bay Area

Sea level rise is becoming a dominant theme as communities plan for climate change. On the East Coast of the United States, the eroding shorelines of Miami and the projected loss of billions of dollars of upscale homes has come to symbolize personal loss that is now at risk from global warming. For many of us, it is the storms and the catastrophic destruction that places like New Jersey (Hurricane Sandy, 2012) and South Florida have experienced that we think of when it comes to the implications of rising seas.

In the San Francisco Bay Area, however, sea level change presents a more insidious threat – one that isn’t limited to the loss of select homes with million dollar views. Rising seas threaten the very land mass that houses the Bay Area’s famed tech industry and the infrastructure that supports it. Dozens of companies like Yahoo, Google, Intuit, Dell, Cisco and Oracle sit either inside, or on the edge of the South Bay’s most vulnerable, predominately flat coastline. Other companies, like Facebook, NASA, Citrix and Intel sit outside the immediate flood zones or have thoughtfully placed their facilities above the shoreline, but would still be affected by flooded streets, accessways and airport facilities. Sea level change is a risk that affects not just the South Bay, but larger metropolises north of the region like San Francisco and Oakland, also home to California’s tech titans.

Continue reading here.

In Canada, over 7 million Canadians live in coastal communities. ACT’s work on sea level rise has primarily been with the Coastal Cities at Risk (CCaR) project, a 5-year multinational research project to document these increased risks facing coastal cities. Learn more about our work with CCaR here.

 

 

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